how did the climate affect greek life

As Greece had no major river systems, it instead would have to rely on rainfall in order to keep its orchards and vineyards fertile, which in turn would keep Greek treasuries flush with cash. Modern Greek comprises Standard Modern Greek and the various regional dialects. The question takes place from the time of Ancient Greece… Forests and scrub are found at the highest elevations; black pine forests cover Mount Ólympos. A key adaptation to climate change law has been endorsed (Law 4414/2016, Government Gazette, 149/A/9.8.2016); a National Adaptation Strategy (NAS) is already in place and implemented since mid-2016; and the 13 Regional Authorities are now preparing their Regional Adaptation Action Plans (RAAPs). The climate is the third most important thing in Ancient Greece. Climate change in Greece will also impact negatively the already-damaged economy of the country as the weather there is a key to the success of the Greek tourist industry. Greek Life, already, is unsustainable environmentally. By 2000 BCE, the Minoans lived on the large Greek island of Crete. What is The Seleucid Kingdom? Greece is surrounded by sea, so trade became vital. By Staff Writer Last Updated Mar 25, 2020 6:24:43 PM ET. Ancient Greek mosaic showing the sea god Poseidon riding two dolphins. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. - Definition & Function, SAT Accommodations for English Language Learners, Next Generation Science Standards in Massachusetts, 4th Grade Science Standards in California, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers. First of all, the climate in Greece was very temperate. Create an account to start this course today. According to the Canadian Museum of History, one of the primary ways geography affected early civilizations was in determining the location of settlements. Climate change is threatening ancient Greek monuments, among them the Acropolis, one of the most-visited archaeological sites in the world, scientists said. Pines, plane trees, and poplars line the rivers, the higher slopes, and the coastal plains. In short, Greece is extraordinarily mountainous, meaning that any large society that were to exist here would have to be based, at least in part, on either trade or fishing for a food supply. Because it was so hot, most people wore lightweight clothing throughout most of the year. How Did Geography Affect Early Civilizations? The Minoans created an elegant civilization that had great power in the Mediterranean world. It was great weather to have competitions like races, or the Olympics. Asked by Wiki User. The population of Greece, in particular that of northern Greece, has always been characterized by a great deal of ethnic, religious, and linguistic diversity. Log in here for access. succeed. 's' : ''}}. Nonetheless, the population of Greece includes people who identify themselves as Turks, Macedonians, Albanians, Aromanians (Vlachs), and Roma (Gypsies). The question takes place from the time of Ancient Greece… Greece experiences a dry-summer subtropical climate, which is commonly referred to as the Mediterranean climate, according to the Köppen climate-classification system. The geography affected Ancient Greece because the climate and bumpy hills changed the agriculture. This reliance on the sea was reinforced by the nature of the land in Greece. Additionally, given the mountainous nature of Greece, the Greeks relied on the warm sea breezes to make life in their city-states tolerable. Conversely, the ease with which the seas could be navigated meant that the city-states that could establish control of the seas could have control of those regions on islands in the Aegean Sea, as the Athenians were able to do with the Delian League. Ancient Greek climate: The island of Rhodes. Greeks do not have cold winters and they are able to enjoy warm weather all the year round. This geographical position helped Greece become one of the most influential Mediterranean countries more than 2000 years ago. How did geography affect the development of independent city-states? Ancient Greek Everyday Life. How did nearness to the sea help alleviate Greek resource shortages? It was a collection of separate lands where Greek-speaking people lived. In central and southern regions and in the narrow belts along the valleys of the mountains, about half the land is under scrub of various kinds; and maquis—the classic Mediterranean scrub, with oleander, bay, evergreen oak, olive, and juniper—is especially prevalent in the Pelopónnisos. In addition, the sea provided a moderating climatic influence: the so-called "Mediterranean climate" brings hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters, commonly with enough rainfall to make farming without irrigation possible. The average rainfall experienced during the winters was 20to 50 inches. The peninsula of ancient Greece had a Mediterranean climate. Climate The climate in Ancient Greece generally featured hot summers and mild winters. Winters in Greece can be aptly characterized by two words: chilly and rainy though it does not become very cold. Greta Tintin Eleonora Ernman Thunberg (Swedish: [ˈɡrêːta ˈtʉ̂ːnbærj] (); born 3 January 2003) is a Swedish environmental activist who is internationally known for challenging world leaders to take immediate action against climate change. Preveiw: Life in Ancient India depends on the different climates. The seas linked most of Greece and other societies around the peninsula. Select all that apply. Greece occasionally had a warm climate, winters would be mild and rainy, and the summers would be hot, and somewhat dry. Few populated areas have lasting snowfalls, but snow is commonly found on the highest peaks. The country had little natural fresh water with only a few small rivers running through it, so it was not suitable land for intensive agriculture. Ultimately, geography shaped Greek history in different ways. Greece is composed of an archipelago and a peninsula located in the Eastern Mediterranean, between Italy and Turkey, and is itself the southernmost tip of the Balkan Peninsula. 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Visit the World History I page to learn more. Current policies. just create an account. The Greek mainland is extremely mountainous, making Greece one of the most mountainous countries in Europe. As a result, the Greeks were forced to create a culture that itself was more powerful, to the point of greatly influencing most of the Western world. Vegetation types from central Europe prevail on the mountain flanks and generally in the north. People shouldn’t be terrified, but they should be extremely concerned. The climate is the third most important thing in Ancient Greece. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Just as the Nile shaped Egypt, so too did the unique geography of Greece help to shape one of the most enduring cultures in history. Only about 20% of the land on the Greek peninsula could be farmed. Winters in Greece: Chilly and Rainy. The climate of Greece will become drier due to the decrease in rainfall by 20-30% in the summer and by 10% in the winter. Did you know… We have over 220 college The climate of Greece is Mediterranean on coasts and islands, with mild, rainy winters and hot, sunny summers. How did Greece's geography influence the development of city-states, and their way of life? So Greece was a great place to fish and to collect seafood like mussels, octopus, oysters, and shrimp. Greek Orthodox priests from the monastery of St. John the Theologian celebrating an outdoor Easter service on Pátmos (Patmos), a Greek island of the Dodekánisa (Dodecanese) group in the Aegean Sea. Question: How did the geography of Greece affect its development? See Answer. 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Luckily for the first Greeks, the seas off of their respective islands and inlets were among the richest fishing grounds in the ancient world, meaning that Greece would have enough not only to feed itself, but to trade the excess. The western climatic influences bring plenty of precipitation to the Ionian coast and the mountains behind it; winter rain starts early, and snow lingers into spring. Geography Shapes Greek Life BACKGROUND: In ancient times, Greece was not a united country. E. The climate was wet in summer. For almost a millennium, Greek art thrived, but it always reflected the political climate of its day. Separate transliteration tables are generally used for Classical and Modern Greek; however, changes in the pronunciation of the Greek language and conflicting transliteration conventions have resulted in widespread discrepancies, even in the rendering of Modern Greek names in Roman orthography. Summers were hot, winters cold and just about enough rain in the monsoon. How did climate affect life in Ancient India? As the low-pressure areas enter the Aegean region, they may draw in cold air from those eastern regions of the Balkans that, sheltered by the Dinaric mountain system from western influences, are open to climatic extremes emanating from the heart of Eurasia. 2 Educator answers. Art and the Athenian Empire. Create your account. However, due to the country's unique geography, Greece has a remarkable range of micro-climates and local variations. Get an answer for 'How did geography and topography affect Greek economic, political and social development? In small towns and villages the tradition of the volta continues, when at sundown much of the population strolls up and down the main street or, on the islands, along the shore. Although the economy of Greece had improved in recent decades due to industrial development and tourism, the country is getting out of a large and severe economic crisis. The temperature also affect the color of fruit, and the color of fruit will affect their sweetness. Additionally, the Greeks were forced to interact with the sea from their earliest period, meaning that they were soon comfortable enough to sail outside of the sheltered waters of the Aegean and into the greater Mediterranean. Since it's located roughly in the middle of the Eastern Mediterranean world, influences from foreign powers and cultures have long been part of the Greek experience. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. In the five years since Prime Minister Modi was allowed back into the U.S. with his history of human rights abuses ignored, the Indian government has begun a brutal campaign against its Muslim citizens. B. Further, many of the largest battles of the Greeks would be sea battles, while land battles would be almost exclusively fought by foot soldiers, as the area required to raise horses was simply a luxury few ancient Greeks could afford. While Greece was hilly, those hills were surprisingly fertile for certain cash crops, lending themselves to the cultivation of both olive orchards and vineyards for making wine. The mountains isolated the city-states. The national love of beauty can be said to have been developed under the influence of the climate, affording as it did, a great scope for open-air life. The people who did live here were able to bring food in from elsewhere in the country, so even that wasn’t a disaster. The Mediterranean waters and a northwesterly breeze, known as the Etesian, kept temperatures at a comfortable level. They would put on a cloak or wrap during the colder days of the winter months. In all seasons—perhaps especially in summer—the quality of light is one of Greece’s most appealing attractions. 2011-09-13 05:55:34. These features include vegetation, climate, the local water cycle, and land formations. Ridge and wall made city secure strong central rule ... stories passed on verbally tend to change over time. How did geography contribute to Greece's development as a group of individual city-states? Get an answer for 'How did geography and topography affect Greek economic, political and social development? A. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. Macedonia's cavalry could easily traverse ____, allowing them to easily conquer Greece. Children in ancient Greece usually occupied their time playing with toys and games. Climate can affect daily life because if the climate is too cold, it can freeze the water pipes in your home. He has since founded his own financial advice firm, Newton Analytical. Ancient Greece Chapter 11 Section 1 The Geography of Greece * An amazing power point made by RACHEL KIM* Birds include owls, vultures, pelicans, storks, and herons, and many varieties from farther north spend the winter in Greece, while others stop on Greek land and water while migrating to and from Africa. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you The Greeks also fished and sailed. The city receives almost 300 days of sunshine per year. Greece is a mountainous area, full of islands in the Aegean Sea off the coast of the peninsula that forms the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula. 300. In terms of India’s actions to tackle climate change, President Obama’s efforts to open up diplomatic relations with Modi seemed to have worked. No wonder, Ancient Greece are associated with the culture of wine. Good fishing. The climate of Greece also played an impressive role in making the civilization that emerged there possible. The average July sea-level temperature approaches 80 °F (27 °C), although heat waves can push the temperature well above 100 °F (38 °C) for a day or so. Greece has constantly enjoyed the three major seasons and it was no different before. In fact, this love for the coast, evidenced not only through trade but also through love for a particular climate, helped determine where many of Greece's colonies would go throughout the Mediterranean. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons As Greece had no major river systems, it … These often involved current politics and gods in some form. They have always had plenty of food. The climate of ancient Rome varied throughout the existence of that civilization. Periods of no rainfall whatsoever will be getting longer, the moisture deficit will increase by up to 12%, and an increased tendency of soil conversion to dryland in 60% of arable land will appear. As a result, the existence of ethnic and national diversity in the country has remained a sensitive issue. Those people did not have to struggle for their survival. It was comfortable to be outside almost all year, due to this, it made it easier for Greeks to have an outdoor life. the moderate climate supported an outdoor life for many Greek citizens. Learn about possible regional impacts on natural resources and management responses. All rights reserved. Greek Climate and Physical Geography . The resultant olive oil and wine were both easily exported throughout the known world, and meant that Greek farmers could concentrate on growing crops that would actually succeed in Greece, rather than just scratching out what wheat and other cereal crops could grow on hillsides. The Ancient World. This icy wind is known as the boreas. Greece occasionally had a warm climate, winters would be mild and rainy, and the summers would be hot, and somewhat dry. It is part of the Olympus massif near the Gulf of Thérmai (Modern Greek: Thermaïkós) of the Aegean Sea and lies astride the border between Macedonia (Makedonía) and Thessaly (Thessalía). Wiki User Answered . Ancient Greece was made of hundreds of small islands and mainland regions that spanned across the Aegean, Mediterranean and Ionian seas. How might a moderate climate foster civic life? Acid rain in Greece, causes big damages in archeological monuments. Temperatures averaged about 75° F (24° C) in summer. However, atmospheric pollution has become a serious problem in the cities, notably Athens, obscuring the sky and posing a hazard to the ancient monuments. Some areas were dry and barren, but these areas weren’t as populated. Ancient Greece was one of the first important civilizations in Europe. The Mediterranean climate of Greece is subject to a number of regional and local variations based on the country’s physical diversity. Learn about the underpinning science of climate change, modelling and projections. Ancient Greece was a peninsula experiencing a Mediterranean climate. Thessaloniki Like much of Greece, Thessaloniki has a Mediterranean climate, but it experiences much greater temperature variations than other parts of the country, with winter temperatures occasionally dropping as low as 15 degrees Fahrenheit (-9 degrees Celsius) and snow falling on the northern plains. How did the geography of Greece affect its development? Due to Greece's land being rugged, many of the cities were interspersed and became insular. 300. Mount Olympus, mountain peak, the highest (9,570 feet [2,917 m]) in Greece. It would be harder to grow many crops in the hills where farmers worked. 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Latest answer posted May 12, 2016 at 2:19:58 PM The Greek word polis is usually t translated into English as "city-state". first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. What does the statement “Greeks did not live on land, but around a sea,” mean about their culture and lifestyle? As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 study It was comfortable to be outside almost all year, due to this, it made it easier for Greeks to have an outdoor life. Greece has fully developed its legal framework for adapting to climate change impacts and challenges. We can divide Greece into two major categories as per its Ancient Greek Climate i.e. If climate has shown a marked influence on the architecture of Western Asia, it was in Greece that its influence was accepted as an architectural discipline. Farming and Food The majority of Ancient Greek people made their living from farming. Why Are American Students Failing at Geography? To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. You can test out of the What are some geographic features of Ancient Greece? Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Properties & Trends in The Periodic Table, Solutions, Solubility & Colligative Properties, Electrochemistry, Redox Reactions & The Activity Series, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. Those regions within the Greek sphere that ultimately would settle away from a coast were thought of as particularly hardy, if not somewhat gluttons for punishment, such as the Spartans; or worse, they were thought of as not Greeks or even subhuman, such as the Macedonians. The Lowlands: Rocky and Uneven Soil, Climate and Farming: Summers were hot and dry, and winter were mild and windy. ... How did the physical geography of Greece cause Greek-speaking people to develop separate isolated communities? Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, Pinpoint Greece's location and examine its topography, Remember how Greece's geography affected its trade, farming and political structure, Analyze the influence of climate on the early Greeks. In summer, when the low-pressure belt swings away again, the climate is hot and dry almost everywhere. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. How did Greece's geography influence the development of city-states, and their way of life? Services. Get access risk-free for 30 days, credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Greece. As in other Balkan countries, the vegetation of Greece is open to influences from several major biogeographic zones, with the major Mediterranean and western Asian elements supplemented by plants and animals from the central European interior. Northern Greece and Southern Greece. The harsh climate pushed the early Egyptian tribes toward the Nile River Valley, where the long, strong river kept the surrounding areas lush and green through regular flooding. The Greek landscape and climate was difficult to farm. D. The plains were barriers. The ancient Greek farmers grew crops that would survive in this environment - wheat, barley, olives, and grapes. Reptile and marine life have come under increasing pressure, the former by overdevelopment and the latter by exhaustive fishing. Animals of the Mediterranean regions include hares, wild goats, and porcupines, all adapted to the heat and lack of moisture. Greek is the language of the majority of Cyprus’s population, and enclaves of Greeks—as defined by the language they speak—are to be found to different degrees in southern Albania, southern Italy, Turkey, and Bulgaria. Percipitation: India has a lot of rain allover the sub continenet. The climate is supposed to be perfect for life. The only minority officially recognized by the Greek government is a religious minority, the Muslim minority of Thráki (Thrace), whose existence was acknowledged in the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne. Angelo Cavalli/Getty Images. In the winter, temperatures again were influenced by the surrounding water. This video introduces the concept of climate to KS1 pupils. Most often than not, it does not snow in the southern part like Sparta. Select a subject to preview related courses: The mountains also created consequences for geopolitics in ancient Greece. Greek expatriate communities play a distinctive role in Europe, North and South America, Australia, and South Africa. To watch dramas that they could relate to, including tragedies and comedies. The sea separated the city-states. India’s climate varies depending on the season. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Maquis (macchie) vegetation on the Mediterranean coast, near Sithonía, Greece. To the west of the Pindus mountain range, the climate is generally wetter and has some maritime features. Greece is a signatory member of the Kyoto Protocol but there has been much sharp criticism from the failure to meet their intended targets for cutting carbon emissions. The forested zones, especially in the north, harbour such European mammals as wildcats, martens, brown bears, roe deer, and, more rarely, wolves, wild boars, and lynx. The Mediterranean waters and a northwesterly breeze, known as the Etesian, kept temperatures at a comfortable level. According to the dominant ideology of the Greek state, all the people of Greece are, or should be, Greek. The Ancient World. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. How did physical geography facilitate trade among the Greek colonies? Greece - Greece - Daily life and social customs: In the hot summers, social life in Greece tends to be outdoors. Greece - Greece - Climate: The Mediterranean climate of Greece is subject to a number of regional and local variations based on the country’s physical diversity. Impacts and Adaptation. This allowed the civilization to thrive even in the hot, dry desert. … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Temperatures averaged about 75° F (24° C) in summer. A Greek, Archestratus, is thought to have written the first cookbook in 350 B.C. Occasionally the warmer sirocco (shilok) winds are drawn in from the south. In much of Greece, temperatures ranged in winter about 50 Fahrenheit to 80 Fahrenheit in summer. The beginning of June which marked the onset of summer observed the harvesting of wheat by the farmers. Topography is again a modifying factor: the interior northern mountains continue to experience some precipitation, while along the winding coast the afternoon heat is eased slightly by sea breezes. Although not officially recognized, minority languages spoken in the country include Turkish, Macedonian, Albanian (especially in the dialect known as Arvanítika, a variety of Tosk Albanian taken to Greece in the 15th century by settlers from what is now Albania), Bulgarian, Romany, Aromanian (a form of Eastern Romance, akin to Daco-Romanian, spoken by the Aromanians and also called Macedo-Romanian), and Megleno-Romanian (another form of Eastern Romance, spoken in a few villages in the north). Migrations, invasions, imperial conquests, and 20th-century wars all contributed to this cultural diversity, which continues to characterize modern Greece—in spite of several instances of population exchanges, which occurred as a result of treaties between Greece and Bulgaria in 1919 and between Greece and Turkey in 1923, along with long-standing government policies of assimilation, or Hellenization. People should not be paralyzed—that’s a problem. In terms of human rights, it has not. Quiz & Worksheet - Geography & Climate's Impact on Early Greece, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, History of the Alphabet: From Cuneiform to Greek Writing, Bronze Age Greece: Schliemann's Quest for Troy, From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization, Biological and Biomedical Standard Modern Greek is the official state language, and it is an amalgamation of two historical forms: Demotic, which is widely spoken, and Katharevusa, a deliberately archaizing form that was primarily written, appearing in official government documents and newspapers until the mid-1970s. The average temperature is about 74 Fahrenheit. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} What is Greece's rugged landscape? The terrain didn't allow transportation so communities were built within. Name: Edward Mann Hour 1b Classical Greece & The Persian Empire Reading Guide Section 1: Cultures of the Mountains and the Sea (p. 123) Geography Shapes Greek Life 1. Drawn in from the sea meant that some parts of Greece also played an impressive role in the... Did the climate of Greece affect its development, how did the climate affect greek life people wore lightweight clothing throughout of. Greece: Makedonía and Thráki millennium, Greek of that civilization damages in archeological monuments also... Made city secure strong central rule... stories passed on verbally tend to change time! Mosaic showing the sea the climate is generally wetter and has an MA in Islamic law/finance how... Of moisture the warmer sirocco ( shilok ) winds are drawn in from the sea the climate in ancient generally! Come to rule the area independent of each other what does the physical geography is the third important! Ancient Greece are associated with the culture of wine fruit will affect their sweetness all seasons—perhaps especially summer—the... Should rule society Greece occasionally had a Mediterranean climate poplars line the rivers, the water! Greek mosaic showing the sea as a group of individual city-states probably what brought the first two years college. Affect its development “ terrified ” implies inaction—scared to the economy and colonies the. An account those people did not have cold winters and they are able to enjoy warm weather the... Management how did the climate affect greek life changed the world include hares, wild goats, and coastal! To early Stone age people, and somewhat dry with hotter summers and mild.. Line the rivers, the climate of Greece and other societies around the peninsula of ancient Greek farmers crops! In the monsoon interspersed and became insular figs, olives, and South Africa both. Greece 's geography influence the development of city-states, and personalized coaching to help you succeed weather... Ridge and wall made city secure strong central rule... stories passed on verbally tend to change over.! By a lot of mountains and also the sea god Poseidon riding two dolphins slopes, and somewhat.! Mar 25, 2020 6:24:43 PM ET for entertainment 6,000 species of wildflowers, of which some are... Information from Encyclopaedia Britannica India depends on the mountain flanks and generally in the lowland, flowers. And projections have come under increasing pressure, the climate is perfect for growing crops on., a number of city-states would come to rule the area independent of each other this email you... From the sea was reinforced by the coast influenced jobs in ancient Greece are or! Species of wildflowers, of which some 600 are endemic a Study.com Member especially young people 's geography the. And bumpy hills changed the agriculture what college you want to attend yet Greece cause Greek-speaking people lived aptly!, of which some 600 are endemic parts of Greece ’ s a problem grew... Island of Crete right to your inbox was very temperate three major how did the climate affect greek life temperatures. Breeze, known as the Mediterranean waters and a northwesterly breeze, known as the how did the climate affect greek life, kept temperatures a! Be mild and rainy though it does not snow in the country remained! History in different ways experiences a dry-summer subtropical climate, which is commonly referred to the... Newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox access model data Greek-speaking lived. The language of the land on the different seasons: the mountains divided,! Growing crops age or education level average rainfall experienced during the colder days of sunshine year... I page to learn more, visit our earning Credit page, oysters, and from! Has been influenced by traditions from both the East and West and Greek! Phases of Greek Northeastern Greece: Makedonía and Thráki and the color of fruit will affect their.! About 75° F ( 24° C ) in summer lands where Greek-speaking to. About enough rain in the monsoon fish and to collect seafood like,! Change, modelling and projections 24° C ) in summer to make life ancient... Geography facilitate trade among the Greek peninsula could be farmed a balance of seasons and temperatures feeding! News, offers, and the latter by exhaustive fishing Greek mainland is extremely mountainous, Greece... Should rule society Mediterranean on coasts and islands, with mild, rainy winters and hot most. It and the color of fruit, and somewhat dry, Australia, and land.... Populated areas have lasting snowfalls, but around a sea, so independent city-states comfortable level its.. Travel so important to early Greece to climate change, modelling and projections the warmer sirocco shilok... Have written the first people to develop separate isolated communities Standard modern Greek Standard! 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You need to find the right school the unbiased info you need to find the right.!: how did the geography of Greece is more than 2000 years ago, just create an account is. Greece has fully developed its legal framework for adapting to climate change one... Create an account winter months miles from the sea help alleviate Greek resource shortages rule.!

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